Eficacia de los programas de tratamiento para ciberadicción en niños y adolescentes: revisión sistemática y meta-análisis

Autores/as

  • Carlos J. Toro-Huamanchumo Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Cesar Vallejo, Trujillo, Peru
  • Bianca K. Barboza Unidad de Revisiones Sistemáticas y Meta-análisis, Tau-Relaped Group, Trujillo, Peru
  • Darwin A. León-Figueroa Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de San Martín de Porres, Chiclayo, Peru; Unidad de Revisiones Sistemáticas y Meta-análisis, Tau-Relaped Group, Trujillo, Peru
  • Elizabeth Rodríguez-Miñano Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru
  • Joshuan J. Barboza Vicerrectorado de Investigación, Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, Peru; Unidad de Revisiones Sistemáticas y Meta-análisis, Tau-Relaped Group, Trujillo, Peru

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35434/rcmhnaaa.2022.15Supl.%201.1490

Palabras clave:

Ciberadicción, Redes sociales, Adicción a internet

Resumen

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la eficacia de los programas de tratamiento para la ciberadicción en niños y adolescentes. Material y Métodos: Se realizó la búsqueda en cinco bases de datos. Se seleccionaron ensayos controlados aleatorizados (ECA) o estudios de cohorte que evaluaron la eficacia de programas de tratamiento para la ciberadicción en niños y adolescentes. El desenlace primario fue la disminución de las horas en uso del internet. Para el meta-análisis, se utilizó el modelo de efectos aleatorios con método de varianza inversa. Resultados: Se identificaron siete artículos que fueron incluidos en la revisión sistemática (3 Ensayos controlados aleatorizados y 4 cohortes retrospectivas), con un total de 2396 participantes. La edad media fue de 14 años (SD 1.96). La duración del tratamiento entre todos los estudios publicados varió entre 4 días hasta los 3 meses. Se encontró que los tratamientos para la ciberadicción reducen las horas de conexión a internet en 1.18 horas por semana, comparado con cualquier tratamiento de control (MD 1.18; 95%CI -2.1825 a -0.1754; p= 0.02). Conclusiones: Los tratamientos para la ciberadicción, independientemente del tipo de intervención reducen las horas de conexión a internet.

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Biografía del autor/a

Carlos J. Toro-Huamanchumo, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Cesar Vallejo, Trujillo, Peru

1. Maestría en Investigación Epidemiológica

Bianca K. Barboza, Unidad de Revisiones Sistemáticas y Meta-análisis, Tau-Relaped Group, Trujillo, Peru

1. Licenciada en Enfermería

Darwin A. León-Figueroa, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de San Martín de Porres, Chiclayo, Peru; Unidad de Revisiones Sistemáticas y Meta-análisis, Tau-Relaped Group, Trujillo, Peru

1. Estudiante de Medicina Humana

Elizabeth Rodríguez-Miñano, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru

1. Doctora en Enfermería

Joshuan J. Barboza, Vicerrectorado de Investigación, Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, Peru; Unidad de Revisiones Sistemáticas y Meta-análisis, Tau-Relaped Group, Trujillo, Peru

1. Doctor en Investigación Clínica y Traslacional

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Publicado

25-09-2022

Cómo citar

1.
Toro-Huamanchumo CJ, Barboza BK, León-Figueroa DA, Rodríguez-Miñano E, Barboza JJ. Eficacia de los programas de tratamiento para ciberadicción en niños y adolescentes: revisión sistemática y meta-análisis. Rev. Cuerpo Med. HNAAA [Internet]. 25 de septiembre de 2022 [citado 30 de noviembre de 2022];15(Supl. 1). Disponible en: http://cmhnaaa.org.pe/ojs/index.php/rcmhnaaa/article/view/1490

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